NAPLES – WOMEN EDUCATION – XIX CENTURY

In 1806 the French occupation of the Naples Kingdom became a real fact and the new monarch Joseph Bonaparte made several reforms with disappointing results, because he let himself lead by the French model being difficult to realize in Italy.

In 1808 Joseph Bonaparte was followed by Joaquin Murat who declared school education compulsory in the whole kingdom, starting from the plans by J. Bonaparte. Murat claimed school education to be both a man and woman right.

By time passing the need about girls schools grew larger and the figure of a woman teacher appeared. In 1799 women education was dealt with, but the failing of the Republic attempt gave no practical results.

Joseph Bonaparte managed the ladies’ education building an education home in each Province, as Royal Institution. Later Murat renamed this Royal Institution into “Royal Caroline House” – in honor to his wife.

The girls educational homes were the first in Italy and were aimed for the daughters of aristocratic families looking at these schools with sympathy, mainly because of the engagement of Queen Caroline. Later a new girls education home was opened, and all homes were renamed into “Royal House at Miracles”.

With the birth of girls education homes many civil and religious enterprises open to women grew stronger. Some women religious orders were born and became operational.

A new women social intellectual and cultural class started which characterized Naples history in the XIX Century.

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